A complete of 494 youngsters had been seen in our Effectively Child Clinic throughout the research interval; out of which a complete of 386 moms (of infants 1-6 months) had been eligible to be enrolled for the research, however solely 361 moms had been prepared to take part. Nonetheless, solely 335 moms returned the finished questionnaire and therefore included within the research (STROBE FLOW CHART enclosed as [Table/Fig-1]. Most moms (55.2%) had been between 21-25 years of age. Out of 335 moms, 191 (57%) had been first time moms and 144 (43%) had been multi-parous. Most moms had been educated as much as highschool degree (43.9%) and better secondary degree (26.3%). Majority of moms belonged to upper-lower socioeconomic class. Most of them (57%) belonged to nuclear household and solely Three households had been dwelling collectively for greater than Three generations. Most of those moms (90.4%) had been unemployed and taken care of family chores. The variety of moms who had been conscious of advantages of unique breast feeding and who practiced Unique Breast Feeding was 35.82%. The imply age of infants was 2.5 months. Most infants had been born by spontaneous vaginal supply. The typical delivery weight of infants was 2.7 kg. The variety of infants who had been fully immunized with age applicable immunizations was 230 (68.65%). Probably the most generally administered non-nutritive substance apart from breast milk was gripe water which was seen in 64.18 % of the inhabitants [Table/Fig-2]. The most typical purpose for adminsitering gripe water was because of the perception that: i) it helps in digestion -176 responses (81.86%) adopted by; ii) it prevents abdomen ache - 60 responses (27.90%); iii) insistence of elders - 39 responses (18.13%); and iv) it's good for well being - 33 responses (15.34%) respectively [Table/Fig-3]. Most moms administered GW atleast as soon as a day.
Amongst infants who weren't given GW, the commonest purpose for not administering it was due to: i) their physician’s recommendation - 73 responses (60.83%), adopted by; ii) lack of expertise on its use - 19 responses (15.83%); iii) felt to be a dangerous observe - 17 responses (14.16%); iv) felt to be ineffective - 15 responses (12.5%) respectively [Table/Fig-4]. Amongst infants receiving GW, the widespread well being issues for which medical consideration was sought previously had been cough and chilly which was seen in 116 (53.95%) infants, fever seen in 43(20%) infants, arduous stools in 42 (19.53%)and unfastened stools in 24(11.16%) of infants. For the infants who didn't obtain GW, the commonest causes for searching for medical consideration had been cough and chilly in 50 (41.66%) infants, fever in 16 (13.33%) infants, constipation in 7(5.83%) infants and unfastened stools in 5(4.16%) infants [Table/Fig-5].
Out of 215 infants who acquired GW, acceptable weight achieve was seen in solely 121 (56.27%). Infants compared to 75 (62.5%) out of 120 infants who didn't obtain GW and who had been solely breast fed. The noticed distinction was not statistically vital (p-value 0.268). Persistent and extended crying diagnostic of childish colic was seen in 29 infants who had been on gripe water in comparison with just one within the no gripe water group, with a p-value of 0.0001 (OR: 18.5538; 95% CI: 2.4941 -138.0222) [Table/Fig-5]. Regurgitation of feeds was seen in 2 infants in gripe water group in comparison with 5 infants in “no gripe water” group and vomiting was seen in 12 infants belonging to gripe water group in comparison with solely Three in “no gripe water” group, with a p-value of 0.0373 (OR: 2.3054; 95% CI: 0.6375-8.337) [Table/Fig-5]. The variety of infants who had constipation was considerably extra within the gripe water group (19.53%), in comparison with “no gripe water” group (5.83%), with the p-value of 0.0007 (OR: 3.9191; 95% CI: 1.701-9.0287) [Table/Fig-6].